Falls and motor vehicle accidents often cause head trauma, and some people in Georgia may feel tempted to take some over-the-counter medicine and rest afterward rather than go to the doctor. However, it is possible for a mild concussion to cause more serious conditions days, weeks, months or even years after the initial blow to the head.

According to the Mayo Clinic, the following are physical complications that may develop after a traumatic brain injury:

  • Post-traumatic epilepsy (recurrent seizures)
  • Hydrocephalus (a buildup of fluid in the brain)
  • Meningitis (infection in the tissues around the brain)
  • Stroke (blood vessel damage that prevents oxygen from reaching the brain)
  • Headaches
  • Vertigo (dizziness)

Persistent post-concussive symptoms refer to the occurrence of one or more of these conditions for weeks to months after the initial TBI. If they persist for longer, medical professionals refer to the condition as post-concussion syndrome.

A TBI may cause cranial nerve damage if the injury affects the base of the skull. Outcomes could include facial paralysis, loss of taste or smell sensations, vision issues, tinnitus and hearing loss or problems swallowing.

TBI often also causes loss or decline of cognitive function, such as memory loss, learning disabilities, and problems with reasoning, judgment and concentration. A person may have trouble with executive functions such as problem-solving, planning, decision-making and organization. Behavioral and emotional changes, social problems and communication difficulties may also be the result of a TBI.

According to the Alzheimer’s Association, research indicates that TBI may increase the risk of developing dementia conditions as a senior.